Hypothetical imperatives tell us which means best achieve our ends.
Posted on May 16, by Scott Alexander I. I was delighted to see nydwracu say something similar in the comments to my recent post: At best I will call this post Kant-aligned. Second, I want to talk about how I find myself using Kantian principles in my own morality.
Kant gives the following dilemma. Suppose that an axe murderer comes to your door and demands you tell him where your friend is, so that he can kill her. Your friend in fact is in your basement. You lie and tell the murderer your friend is in the next town over. Most people would say that the lie is justified.
I think most people understand his argument as follows: But suppose everyone thought that all the time. Then everyone would lie to everyone else, and that would be horrible. Kant urges us to reject actions which, if universalized, would be self-defeating or contradictory.
Suppose you are a prisoner of war. Your captors tell you they want to kill your general, a brilliant leader who has led your side to victory after victory. They have two options. First, a surgical strike against her secret headquarters, killing her and no one else.
Second, nuking your capital city. You point to a warehouse you know to be abandoned. Your captors send a cruise missile that blows up the warehouse, killing nobody. Then they hold a huge party to celebrate the death of the general. With her brilliant tactics, your side wins the war and you are eventually rescued.
So what about now? Was your lie ethical? Your captors are offering you a positive-sum bargain: That leaves both of us better off.
You are lost in the desert, about to die. The very selfish man agrees and drives you to safety. So you both gain. This is not strictly Kantian.
But it could still be framed as a positive-sum bargain. If the people in such a world were halfway rational, they would make a deal that rightists agree to hire leftists if leftists agree to hire rightists. This would clearly be positive-sum.
This is easy to say in natural language like this. But when you try to make it more formal it gets really sketchy real quick. But what about other maxims that lead to the same action? Police officers should arrest people 2. Everyone should arrest robbers 3. Paula should arrest Robby 4.
Paula should arrest other people 5. Everyone should arrest Robby 6. He fires Riley, who ends out on the street.Entstehungsgeschichte.
Die Kritik der reinen Vernunft ist ein grundlegender Wendepunkt in der Philosophie Immanuel Kants. In seinen frühen Jahren war er geprägt durch seine Lehrer an der Universität, insbesondere durch den Rationalisten Martin vetconnexx.com dieser Zeit beschäftigte er sich stark mit naturwissenschaftlichen Fragen und mit der Physik .
Kantianism, either the system of thought contained in the writings of the epoch-making 18th-century philosopher Immanuel Kant or those later philosophies that arose from the study of Kant’s writings and drew their inspiration from his principles.
Only the latter is the concern of this article. The first essay in this book, published in a scholarly journal before many of Kant's key works had been written, established that Kant wanted to have his views on reason and truth considered by his age when controversial matters were being discussed.
The author gives a sensitive, detailed, and very understandable overview of Kant's construction of transcendental idealism. He clearly is supportive of Kant's ideas, but he does approach them also with a critical analysis.
German Idealism. German idealism is the name of a movement in German philosophy that began in the s and lasted until the s. The most famous representatives of this movement are Kant, Fichte, Schelling, and vetconnexx.com there are important differences between these figures, they all share a commitment to idealism.
Kantianism: Kantianism, either the system of thought contained in the writings of the epoch-making 18th-century philosopher Immanuel Kant or those later philosophies that arose from the study of Kant’s writings and drew their inspiration from his principles. Only the latter is the concern of this article.